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Pharmaceuticals and Environment

Database development: Work is underway to remove the hazard score, i.e. the numerical values for P, B and T. Instead, information on persistence, bioaccumulation, toxicity and risk will be described in text including underlying data. You can to search the database as before during this work.

Here you can find information about the environmental impact of pharmaceuticals. You can search for the substance name. Unless otherwise stated, the environmental impact means impact of pharmaceuticals when used.

Information about the classification

In the document there is information about the classification of the environmental hazard and the environmental risk. The text may indicate if T refers to acute or chronic toxicity. The environmental hazard is classified from 0–9, where a high number indicates high properties for making an environmental impact. The classification of the risk is usually based on theoretical calculations of the risk. For more information see Classification.

For some substances there is also a risk assessment made on the basis of concentrations measured in the environment in Sweden and efficacy studies with high quality. These assessments are presented in the documents for the substances and are made by independent ecotoxicological expertise. Continuous work is underway to provide more substance documents with this type of environmental information and also present comparisons of environmental risk between substances intended for the same indication. Based on this type of risk assessment, a table of environmentally hazardous drugs has been developed within the framework of Stockholm County Council's environmental program 2017–2021.

News

ReAct Europe. Ensuring sustainable access to effective antibiotics for everyone ‒ everywhere. March 2021.

Vinterstare J. Defence on Demand. A physiological perspective on phenotypic plasticity in anti-predator traits. Lund University. Doctoral dissertation. 2021. ISBN 978-91-7895-756-9

Kraupner N, Hutinel M, Schumacher K, et al. Evidence for selection of multi-resistant E. coli by hospital effluent.Environment International Volume 150, May 2021, 106436. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2021.106436

Pinheiro, F., Warsi, O., Andersson, D.I. et al. Metabolic fitness landscapes predict the evolution of antibiotic resistance. Nat Ecol Evol (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-021-01397-0

Antibiotics: even low levels found in the environment might drive resistance
European Commission
2021-03-03

Waste water treatment pains
Svenskt Vatten
2021-03-01

Engelsk flagga

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